Facts and Figures
Location: Southern coastal plain
Area of jurisdiction: 22,500 dunam (approx.5,625 acres)
Households: 37,000Development forecast:
Existing number of housing units – approx. 37,000
Housing units forecast for the year 2025 – approx. 45,000
Population forecast for the year 2025 – approx. 150,000Population distribution by age (in thousands) (appearing in the municipal records in 2010-11):
Ages 0 – 12 25,867
13 – 17 8,335
18 – 21 6,650
22 – 29 14,389
30 – 39 19,300
40 – 49 13,547
50 – 59 13,749
60 – 69 12,083
70 and above 11,835
Immigrants – 31,287:
From the Former USSR – 17,615
From Ethiopia – 4,023
From the United States – 899
Other countries – 8,750
Membership in youth movements – 2,857
Noar Oved-200, Scouts-Snir and Saar-670, Ariel-212, Bnei Akiva-608, Betar-50, Noam-50, Hashomer Hatzair-127, Ezra-940School system:
245 schools and kindergartens operate in the city (2010 data): Elementary schools-34, middle and high schools-18, kindergartens-193
23,540 pupils enrolled in the city's education system in 2010: Approx. 4,500 in kindergartens, 10,430 in elementary schools, 1,749 were promoted to the first grade, and 8,830 in middle and high schools.
28.2% of the municipal budget is earmarked for education
The municipality funds approx. 41.8% of education expenses
85.12% of the twelfth graders (high school seniors) took the Bagrut-matriculation exams
58.48% were eligible for a Certificate of Matriculation in 2009-10Academic Education
About 7,500 students study in institutions of higher learning in the city
39% of the immigrants are university graduates
31.5% of the adult residents are university graduatesGeneral data (2008) from the Central Bureau of Statistics (based on population of 111,000)
Percentage of women and men in the population: 56.7% women, 54.3% men
Median age: Women-33, Men-31
68.2% native born Israelis
31.8% born abroad
Continent/country of origin of the Jewish population: 32.3% Europe, 14.9% Africa, 14.3%Asia, 34.4% Israel, 4.1% Americas
Age at marriage: Men 26, Women 23
Average number of children: 2
Employed in professions requiring academic degree: 20.1%
Liberal professions: 16.8%
Agents, salespersons, services: 19.7%
Households with children under 17: 38.7%
Average household: 2.9 persons
Households subscribed to the Internet: 92.9%Data on Rehovot from the survey of household expenditures in 14 large cities in Israel (CBS data for 2009)
Rehovot households have the highest percentage of ownership of at least one cellular phone: 98.5%
Televisions per 100 persons: 67
Computers per 100 persons: 42 – fourth place among the cities surveyed
Expenditures for household consumption: NIS13,830 per month
One fifth of the expenditures are earmarked for education, culture and entertainment, totaling 20.2% – first place among the cities surveyed
Average household occupancy in the large cities in Israel is less than one person per room. Rehovot has the lowest occupancy density in the country, 0.7 per room.
Only 23% of the residents live in rental housing; 71% are homeowners
The number of persons per household in Rehovot (2.8) is lower than the national average (3.3).
The expenditures for food per household in Rehovot (14.4%) is lower than the national average (16.3%)Municipal companies, NPOs, and executive branches:
H.L.R.-Rehovot Development Corporation Ltd.
Regional hub: National government branch offices located in the city:
- Ministry of Defense – Rehabilitation, District Town Major
- Ministry of Finance – Internal Revenue Service, Customs, Value Added Tax and Property Tax
- Ministry of Public Security – Police Station, Hashefela Police Headquarters
- Ministry of Construction and Housing – Department of Housing for the Rehovot Area
- Ministry of Health – District Health Bureau, Kaplan Medical Center
- Ministry of Religious Affairs – Rabbinical Court
- Ministry of Agriculture – HaShefela Region, Training Division, Veterinary Division
- Ministry of Labor and Social Services – Employment Services, Academic Employment Service, Day-Care and Family Division, Youth Probation Services, Probation Services, Vocational Rehabilitation Center
- Ministry of the Interior – Population Administration Bureau
- Ministry of Transportation – Motor Vehicle Bureau
- Ministry of Immigrant Absorption
- Association of Towns for Firefighting Services
- Ministry of Justice – Magistrate’s Court, Land Registry Bureau
Early beginnings – The Citrus Moshava
Rehovot was founded in 1890 on the southern coastal plain of Israel and covers an area of some 22,500 dunam (approx. 5,625 acres) on the land of the former Hirbet Duran, a site from the Roman, Byzantine and early Arab periods. The name Rehovot was proposed by one of the city founders, Israel Belkind, based on the passage: "And he called the name of it Rehovot and said: ‘For now the Lord hath made room [in Hebrew hirhiv] for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land’”. (Genesis 26:22).
In its early days most of the land of Rehovot was covered with vineyards, but in the year 1904 the first citrus grove was planted, to be followed by many more. The Rehovot train station was erected in 1920, stimulating construction of mechanized packing plants close by, making Rehovot the largest citrus packing center in the country and the hub for shipping the fruit to the ports for export. All this contributed to the nickname given to Rehovot, “The City of Citrus”. Rehovot was declared a city in 1950. Today, the Minkoff Grove National Citrus Museum documents and commemorates this magnificent citrus industry heritage and self-work of the city founders and immigrants. Citrus, science and culture characterize the City of Rehovot, symbolically expressed on the city’s emblem.
In 2010 Rehovot celebrated its 120th anniversary and along with memorializing the past and perpetuating the heritage bequeathed by the founding fathers, it is intensifying its rate of development. Mayor Rachamim Malul is striving to fulfill the vision he set for Rehovot: "A city leading in science, higher education and culture that aspires to excellence in education and provides a high quality of life for its residents".
The City of Science
In 1932 the Agricultural Research Station-Volcani Institute moved to Rehovot. Close on its heels came the construction of the Sieff Institute in 1934, precursor of the Weizmann Institute of Science established in 1949. In 1942 the Faculty of Agriculture of the Hebrew University was established. The Settlement Study Center opened its doors in 1963 and the School of Nutritional Sciences of the Faculty of Agriculture was established in 1970. In addition to all these, Rehovot has been home to the Biological Citrus Pest Control Institute and the Israel Wine Institute, along with many more institutions of higher learning today, including: Kaplan Hospital School of Nursing, Peres College, Rehovot College, and The Municipal College, among others. The municipal school system aims for excellence and high achievement in science and research, culture, and sports and its students can be proud of their impressive accomplishments in national and international competitions in diverse fields.
The past decade has witnessed the extensive development of TAMAR Park – Yitzhak Rabin Science-Industrial Park at the northern entrance to the city. It combines business activity, primarily in knowledge-based fields, with lively entertainment venues functioning all hours of the day and night. The park has a high occupancy rate of leading biotechnology and high tech companies in the Israeli economy. The city is advancing new neighborhoods and employment opportunities, revitalizing the city center and public buildings while gentrifying older neighborhoods, thus setting the tone for Rehovot's future based on the District Master Plan. The past few years have witnessed a significant improvement in the city's accessibility – new interchanges have been built, bypass roads have been paved, a transportation hub was established adjacent to the train station and new entry roads opened.
Rehovot, the City of Culture, Education and Recreation
Some of the greatest Israeli writers and poets lived and worked in Rehovot, often vividly describing the moshava and its people in their works. Notable among the literary personalities are: Moshe Smilansky, David Shimoni, Shlomo Blumgarten (Yehoash), Nahum Guttmann, Binyamin Tammuz, S. Yizhar, and Dan Almagor.
Many cultural and educational institutions featuring activities for all age groups operate in the city: Smilansky Culture Center, Artists House, Beit Michal, Municipal Art Gallery, Beit Yad L'Banim-Soldiers Memorial House, Beit Dondikov, Municipal Music Conservatory, Bimat HaNoar-Youth Theater, and the Educational Farmstead, among others, offer a wealth of stimulating programs for the residents. Havayot community centers run neighborhood cultural and recreational activities and manage the municipal library system as well as the performance series presented at Mofet Auditorium. National and international festivals and cultural events fill the municipal calendar as the City of Rehovot makes every effort to erect a modern cultural center and improve the existing facilities, while expanding the activities and recreation venues. Young couples are attracted to the rapid development of the city, with the concurrent construction of new public facilities and schools.
Citrus, science and culture characterize the City of Rehovot, symbolically emblazoned on the city’s emblem in the form of an orange, a microscope and an open book
For the city archives, see here